I do not believe you: how providing a source corrects health misperceptions across social media platforms
Social media are often criticized as serving as a source of misinformation, but this study examines how they may also function to correct misperceptions on an emerging health issue. An experimental design is used to consider social correction that occurs via peers, testing both the type of correction (i.e., whether a source is provided or not) and the platform on which the correction occurs (i.e., Facebook versus Twitter). The results suggest that a source is necessary to correct misperceptions about the causes of the Zika virus on both Facebook and Twitter, but the mechanism by which such correction occurs differs across platforms. If users begin to expect sources to prove creditability and do additional research instead of taking every post as the truth, this would help stem the tide of fake news.