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8 Scholarly Articles on the Relationship of Personality & SM Use


There are many reasons why people use social media apps such as for entertainment, marketing, public relations, and connecting with friends and co-workers. This list is meant to provide credible resources that might explain what influences users to behave the way they do on social media. Here are eight scholarly articles that address the relationship between personality traits as predictors of social media behavior. While not a comprehensive list of articles related to the subject, the following are a collection of some of the most relevant research performed in recent years.

#1 Self-presentation and belonging on Facebook

Published in the Journal of Personality and Individual Differences, this article discusses how users of Facebook fulfill their needs belonging and self-presentation. The research was conducted in the form of a survey of 184 undergraduate students “assessing personality and Facebook behaviors and motivations.”

Link: https://purdue-primo-prod.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=TN_sciversesciencedirect_elsevierS0191-8869(12)00491-6&context=U&vid=PURDUE&lang=en_US

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#2 Extraversion, neuroticism, attachment style and FOMO

This article is from the Journal of Personality and Individual Differences in which Blackwell et al “investigate whether extraversion, neuroticism, attachment style, and fear of missing out (FOMO), contribute to the use of social media and addiction.” Out of those traits, it was found that fear of missing out could be a precursor to social media addiction while “extraversion and neuroticism predicted social media use.”

Link: https://purdue-primo-prod.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=TN_sciversesciencedirect_elsevierS0191-8869(17)30289-1&context=U&vid=PURDUE&lang=en_US

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#3 SM use, personality characteristics, and social isolation

In this article from the journal of Personality and Individual Differences, researchers study whether certain personality traits are associated with the relationship between increase social media use (SMU) and social isolation (SI). Using a sample of over 1700 participants between the ages of 19-32, it was found that “neuroticism was associated with higher odds” of experiencing SI in real-life situations.

Link: https://purdue-primo-prod.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=TN_scopus2-s2.0-85037342038&context=U&vid=PURDUE&lang=en_US

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#4 A tale of two sites: Twitter vs. Facebook and the personality…

Building on previous studies on social media sites, researchers in the United Kingdom investigate the social and informational use of Facebook and Twitter and its association with Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness-to-Experience, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Sociability, and Need-for-Cognition. The study found that “a preference for Facebook or Twitter was associated with differences in personality.”

Link: https://purdue-primo-prod.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=TN_sciversesciencedirect_elsevierS0747-5632(11)00245-7&context=U&vid=PURDUE&lang=en_US

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#5 Fake it ’til you make it: Examining faking ability on SM

Focusing on how people use Facebook to portray a certain image, researchers studied how users manipulated their profiles for job application evaluation. Several predictors of “faking ability” were found that included cognitive ability and neuroticism.

Link: https://purdue-primo-prod.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=TN_sciversesciencedirect_elsevierS0747-5632(18)30069-4&context=U&vid=PURDUE&lang=en_US

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#6 Personality Traits, Motivations, and Emotional Consequences

Article from the journal of Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking that investigates why people use Facebook and Pinterest and the negative effects it has on its users. 940 participants were surveyed for the study. Researchers found that frequent use of social media could make users feel lonely, jealous, depressed, and angry with Facebook users being more likely to experience these negative emotions.

Link: https://purdue-primo-prod.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=TN_maryannliebert_s10_1089_cyber_2017_0043&context=U&vid=PURDUE&lang=en_US

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#7 Neuroticism Magnifies the Detrimental Association…

Study from Psychiatric Quarterly discusses the signs of social media addiction, specifically, how it affects different sexes. Results from the research found that “high neuroticism was associated with a stronger negative relationship between SNS addiction symptoms and wellbeing.” It also suggested that women with social media addiction experienced stronger negative effects on their well-being.

Link: https://purdue-primo-prod.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=TN_springer_jour10.1007/s11126-018-9563-x&context=U&vid=PURDUE&lang=en_US

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#8 What does your selfie say about you?

Interesting article from the journal of Computers in Human Behavior that observes the association between social media users’ selfies to see if it can be used to identify certain personality traits in the individual. Key findings in relation to personality judgment argue that “duckface was related to the judgment of conscientiousness and neuroticism” and “pressed lips were associated with the judgment of extraversion and openness.”

Link: https://purdue-primo-prod.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=TN_scopus2-s2.0-84934937421&context=U&vid=PURDUE&lang=en_US

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